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The Verb Phrase (VP) consists of a main (lexical) verb with, optionally, a number of auxillary verbs in front. (AUX) VERB e.g. He might have been watching me
A Noun Phrase consists of a head noun, and optionally a determiner, some pre-modification and post-modification. Here is an analysis of a text to show you how to identify noun phrases.
The Grammar family has been around for as long as this sentence has. The family is headed by Grandma Syntax and her younger sister, Minnie Morphology.
Is this a sentence? If so, what is the first NP? Where is the VP? “Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo” At first it looks odd but let’s replace the words with more familiar ones.
‘The next bus’ Headnoun – ‘bus’ Determiner phrase ‘The next’ = Central determiner (the) + Postdeterminer (next)
Knock knock Who’s there? Grandma Grandma who?