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The Verb Phrase (VP) consists of a main (lexical) verb with, optionally, a number of auxillary verbs in front. (AUX) VERB e.g. He might have been watching me
A Noun Phrase consists of a head noun, and optionally a determiner, some pre-modification and post-modification. Here is an analysis of a text to show you how to identify noun phrases.
The Grammar family has been around for as long as this sentence has. The family is headed by Grandma Syntax and her younger sister, Minnie Morphology.
“swathes of the country” is a noun phrase (NP). “swathes” is the head noun. This head is post-modified by “of the country”. This phrase is a prepositional phrase (PP) with head “of” and “compliment “the country”. “the country” is NP… Continue Reading →
Structure of the Clause What is a clause? All languages are able to talk about ‘things’. That is, we can talk about things such as dogs, chairs, democracy, etc. And all languages are able to say what happened to these… Continue Reading →
Punctuation is the use of small typographical symbols ( . , ; : ) to segment and conjoin textual items at the morphological, lexical, phrasal and clausal level. Grammar is enabled through good punctuation and punctuation is eased with correct… Continue Reading →
Is this a sentence? If so, what is the first NP? Where is the VP? “Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo” At first it looks odd but let’s replace the words with more familiar ones.
Noun phrases can be said to have generic reference if they refer to the class of objects represented by the head noun as a whole rather that one or a subset of members. Thus in: The tiger is a fearsome… Continue Reading →
‘The next bus’ Headnoun – ‘bus’ Determiner phrase ‘The next’ = Central determiner (the) + Postdeterminer (next)
Knock knock Who’s there? Grandma Grandma who?
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